Sunday, April 8, 2012

Dwarf Hamsters - feeding and care


In the wild, dwarf hamsters eat a variety of grains, seeds and vegetables. In captivity, hamster food will consist of mixtures of seeds and grains, concentrated form of pellets, dried vegetables, plus small amounts of nuts and sunflower seeds. Fruits and vegetables are very popular with hamsters but taken in excess can create digestive problems and stomach upset. Therefore they should be given in moderation and small portions. Vegetables...

and fruits left uneaten will spoil, threatening your hamster's health. For this reason they must be removed immediately the next day. Of vegetables you can offer: carrots, cauliflower, cucumber, broccoli. Of fruit you can offer: apple, pear, peach, melon, banana. However, avoid sugary foods or sugary feeding (including fruits and vegetables high in sugar) as Campbell hamsters are prone to diabetes. The following elements should be avoided: citrus fruits, dried beans, raw peas, onions, garlic, potatoes, rhubarb, tomatoes, sweet fruits, pork.

Food should be given in two portions daily, one in the morning and one in the evening, when the hamsters are most active.

Fresh water should not be a commodity because it can arise quarrels and fights between colony members. For this purpose, youcan use special drinkers commercially available.

Russian dwarf hamsters, like all rodents, have incisor teeth that grow throughout life. They should therefore always be chewing something. For this purpose youe can provide twigs, dry dog ​​biscuits or mineral blocks in stores.

Dwarf Hamsters are crepuscular animals: very active morning at dawn and at dusk, after sunset. Although they are famous because of outbursts of energy during the day. Generally it's a good ideea not to wake them up or bother them during the day. 
Unlike Syrian hamsters, dwarf hamsters are sociable and can be kept in pairs or colonies. If the hamsters are introduced at an early age, generally less than eight weeks, they will be happy to coexist in the same sex or mixed groups. Campbell hamsters are rather noisy and spend most of the time at play, so do not be alarmed if you hear 
a lot of squeaks or beats in the cage . They must be kept in aquariums or cages with the bars very close together because they can easily slip through the bars of normal cages.

For their growth in captivity it is recommended that dry shavings litter contains no aromatic oils. Don't ever use cedar shavings because it's toxic. The shavings can cause itching, sneezing and allergic reactions. Pine shavings are also to be avoided. Tank also can be furnished with tubes from toilet paper, cardboard egg casing, wooden bridges, special trade houses. The 
hamster wheel is very important for burning energy, and the chips and water must be changed regularly.

Many breeders believe that chinchilla sand baths are beneficial. Dwarf hamster must regularly bathe in sand or dust of volcanic origin (which is marketed as "chinchilla sand") in order to remove sebum and moisture that gathers in their fur. Sand baths helps keep fur clean, shiny and elastic.
Hamsters must not bathe in water because water removes oils from skin and fur. Without these oils hamster can die of pneumony.

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